整理人: bigfish(2002-01-12 14:57:13), 站内信件
|The Guitar Times: 请问你如何安排你个人的学习？
How do you organise your personal study ?
What would be a perfect day of work ?
David Russell: 几乎每天，我都首先进行技巧练习。这是从我20或是21岁起开始养成的习惯。当我在伦敦完成了学校中的学习时，我感觉自己的技巧还是无法达到自己所想要的程度。
Almost every day, I do some technique first. And this really started maybe when I was around 20 or 21. I felt, when I finished the academy in London, that I still was a way behind what I really thought I should be doing in technique.
我不是Odair Assad或是John Williams那样的天才，我是另外一种类型的学生。我必须靠自己的刻苦努力来提高自己的技巧水平，使得演奏更加完美，速度更快，几乎每一个弹吉他的人都希望的那样。
I wasn't a child prodigy like Odair Assad or John Williams, I was just another student. So I had to work hard to clean-up my technique, make it more perfect, get more speed : all the things everybody wants.
I decided to systemise it really, because one of the things is to warm-up and I think as I get older and older I must do it better.
When you're young and you live in Spain, in 2 minutes you go and you hit "Sevilla" but now I feel it's better if I start carefully and do it from zero.
The idea is really to have your first guitar lesson. So you give yourself your first guitar lesson, then your second, and you go through all the process of learning everyday, only a couple of minutes obviously. This is to create good habits in your hands. So there's no point in trying to resolve technical problems while you're playing "Sevilla" or Bach's "Chaconne"... You must do it while you play absolutely simple pieces or even better if they're not pieces, just simple studies and go through that process.
So I would do maybe half an hour of that -not everyday-, but today I did at least twenty minutes, just to get my fingers to feel good, then when I practice I do it better because I've covered most of the basic things.
The next bit would be to review things I already know, and just to ingrain the good habits of my movements, then to practice some of the things that I don't do quite so well : maybe there are certain trills, slurs that are not as good as I want so I would spend some time on that.
After I've done that -in the morning when my mind is fresher- I normally like to use some time for memorising or for doing new stuff or breaking up the piece, doing the difficult bits or changing a musical idea if I want to do it differently. I try not to play right through whole pieces in the morning, mostly to take advantage of my own daily rhythm : I'm more fresh in the life at eleven o'clock than at four in the afternoon.
And then later on in the day I would try to play through the whole piece because there's a kind of concentration necessary when you try to say : okay, I'm going to play the whole thing and try to put it together as an entity, as a piece of art, which is very different from the practice.
You are a computer person, so you understand the difference between INPUT and OUTPUT. So, practising in little bits is INPUT, you are putting in the information into yourself and then when you play the piece it is OUTPUT, you're making it work, you're running your program. It's important to divide the two things, and not to try to do the two things together, so instead of trying to practice by running the program -by OUTPUT- you must break it up first.
And then you put it all together, and you play the whole thing.
There are different kinds of concentration : one needs continuity, the other you have to be very critical about everything that is happening.
Once you get to your concert, you must be the opposite, you must encourage yourself, continue through, play well and you need your confidence.
In your practice, you should think : "that wasn't good, so let's fix it, that didn't sound the way I wanted so let's do this better", but what happens?
Most people sit at home, myself sometimes as well, and you go : "hey, that was nice, oh, that was good" and you get to your concert and you think : "oh, that was horrible, oh, that was bad" : your mind is doing the wrong thing!
So you must switch off one thing for the other.
I think each person has a different rhythm during the day, and I think it's important for each of us to find out, for example : when do you memorise best? And if you have a free day, to make sure to leave that time for memorising. You do it on purpose, not just continue practising, and I know that I am especially good at memorising at certain times :
Straight after I warm-up, last thing at night... there are certain moments that are good for me to spend -maybe just twenty minutes- on the new piece that I am working, on putting it into memory, or putting parts of it in.
I think that is an important part because traditionally we play without music; we can argue if that's good or bad but we're going to play by memory, so we must work on it and make that as clean and as perfect as possible because if you think : what makes you nervous when you play in concert?
What makes me nervous? ... I might forget!
You know, you don't get nervous you are going to buzz two notes.
It's if you fall off, so the way you memorise I think is important.